According to legend, Prince Ladislaus of Opole discovered the Black Madonna (age, ethnicity, birthplace: unknown) in the Ukranian city of Belz where it was venerated for its miraculous properties after a mysterious cloud enveloped the chapel housing the icon during the looting of the city, thus protecting it from the grubby clutches of the Tartars. Ladislaus liked the painting and apparently took it with him, bringing it to Poland in 1382 and bestowing it to the Pauline monks who had recently been granted a monastery in Częstochowa
The Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, is the most famous Polish shrine to the Virgin Mary as well as the country's greatest place of pilgrimage. The Icon of the Black Madonna of Częstochowa, also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, to which miraculous powers are attributed, is the most precious treasure at the Jasna Góra. National Heritage Board of Poland decided that as of the September 16, 1994 - complex is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments. There is a special book, which is kept in a church in the Monastery of Jasna Góra, where many miracles which have occurred before the Miraculous Icon have been listed. Read about miraculous events and special presence of Our Lady in the daily lives of ordinary people Monastery located 140 km from Krakow, about 1 hour. 50 min drive.